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Surface ozone measurements taken at different altitudes in the south-western and eastern alpine regions from 1987 to 1991 are compared in terms of seasonal and daily fluctuations. The annual mean levels increase with altitude, ranging from about 20 ppbv on the plain to 50 ppbv at 3500 m. The transport of ozone and/or precursors from the plain, the photochemical processes and the exchanges with the free troposphere are the main processes influencing its distribution in these regions. In the warm season, sites at intermediate altitudes up to about 1800 m may suffer from higher ozone exposure than sites at high altitudes. The irregular distribution is due to the advection of an ozone front during the day and the persistent high levels during the night. The highest hourly levels (up to 185 ppbv) observed in the years 1989-91 were associated with subsidence of dry upper layers on a regional scale.

Additional information

Authors: SANDRONI S, JRC Ispra (IT);BACCI P, ENEL CRTN, Milano (IT);BOFFA G, Dipartimento del Territorio del Canton Ticino, Bellinzona (CH);PELLEGRINI U, ECO VE MA, Arona (IT);VENTURA A, ECO VE MA, Arona (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: The Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 156 (1994) pp. 169-182
Record Number: 199411555 / Last updated on: 1995-01-10
Original language: en
Available languages: en