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Boron-carbon materials have been exposed to high heat fluxes in the TEXTOR tokamak and in the JUDITH electron beam facility. The materials were a B(4)C Coat Mix bulk material, a conversion-type B(4)C coating, and a plasma-sprayed B(4)C coating on graphite EK 98. The boron-carbide Coat Mix limiter showed surface melting at a heat flux of about 1.5 kW/cm2 after 0.4 s. Both in the tokamak experiments and the electron beam tests the surface temperature stayed close to the melting temperature under continued heating. The conversion coated limiter and specimens had a very irregular coating thickness and surface structure. At heat fluxes of 2.6 kW/cm2, melting of the coating was reached after 0.5 s. The thermal behaviour and evaporation of impurities into the plasma were comparable to the Coat Mix limiter but shifted to higher heat fluxes. Both limiters fractured under the applied heat loads. The plasma sprayed coating showed early melting of the coating and agglomeration of the molten carbide to droplets on the graphite.

Additional information

Authors: BOLT H ET AL., Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH (KFA) (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vols. 212-215 (1994) pp. 1239-1244
Record Number: 199411563 / Last updated on: 1995-01-10
Original language: en
Available languages: en