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The constraints, limitations and requirements of drivers with special needs (DSN) were identified in a field study involving interviews with experts and DSN, followed by field observations. Two tools were developed for use in data collection: a definition of the driving task for the average driver to serve as a checklist or structured interview, and a DSN classification tool to identify and group the population to be interviewed. Results included: (i) components of the driving task which cause difficulty for each impairment group of DSN; (ii) components of the driving task which cause difficulty for many impairment groups; (iii) general difficulties not related to specific components of the driving task. The study has also identified certain critical areas requiring further research, i.e. possible overloading of residual abilities and the need for active safety measures, the passive safety of DSN in accidents or other emergencies, and the special needs of visually and hearing impaired drivers.

Additional information

Bibliographic Reference: Report: V2032/3 EN (1992) 220 pp., ECU 20
Availability: Available from European Commission, c/o ECOTEC Research and Consulting Ltd., 28-34 Albert Street, Birmingham B4 7UD (GB)
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