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The numbers of fatalities from 1780 marine accidents during transport of dangerous goods have been compared with those from other transport modes. Accidents from marine transport of dangerous goods have been found to have a larger proportion with fatalities in the range of 10-50. This is probably due to the size of the potentially affected population, reflecting the number of crew members on one or two vessels; further, the population potentially affected is placed in a limited area. Almost all accidents with more than 40 fatalities were collisions, and accidents with more than 100 fatalities were due to collisions between tankers and ferries, which significantly increases the population at risk. The hazardous substance involved in these accidents was oil. The high number of fatalities is not surprising, as oil at sea has the potential for surrounding a vessel and catching fire.

Additional information

Authors: ROMER H, JRC Ispra (IT);HAASTRUP P, JRC Ispra (IT);PETERSEN H J S, Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemical Engineering, Lyngby (DK)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 8 (1995) No. 1, pp. 29-34
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