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The objectives of this STEP project, which began in 1991, were to detect biological criteria for sustainable development in natural degenerate forests of Mediterranean Europe. The model was applied to the sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa). Four countries were involved in this study (France, Italy, Spain and Portugal) where chestnut stands cover large areas and represent different ecological or economic situations. The aim was to define the ecological conditions of this natural resource in terms of growth, productivity, nutrient balance, physiology, genetic diversity, biological diversity of its communities and phytosanitary situations, in relation to the conditions of its exploitation and land-use changes, for the characterisation of chestnut sustainable ecological systems. Most of the investigations were carried out in the field, except in one case where chestnut seedlings were submitted to a doubling of atmospheric CO(2). The purpose of this experimental study was to extrapolate results in the framework of global change so as to propose areas where chestnuts could be kept as a sustainable development component.

Additional information

Authors: ROMANE F (EDITOR), CNRS, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 15727 EN (1995) 184 pp., FS, free of charge
Availability: Available from the European Commission, Mr. P. Mathy, DG XII, 200 rue de la Loi, B-1049 Bruxelles (BE)
ISBN: ISBN 92-826-9076-8
Record Number: 199510510 / Last updated on: 1995-04-11
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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