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Up to 90 t of plutonium have accumulated to date from nuclear power generation. Large reprocessing plants in Europe and Japan may produce some 40 t per year in the near future. Nuclear weapons tests and the manufacturing of military plutonium have lead to about 10 t of plutonium in the biosphere. Recently, nuclear fission material and other radioactive sources have appeared on the black market. This situation increasingly necessitates an analysis of nuclides and fission material mixtures with regard to origin and possible use or misuse. This paper describes systematics and goals of identification methods developed in the European Institute for Transuranium Elements.

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Authors: KOCH L, JRC Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Strahlenschutzpraxis (1995) pp. 31-33
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