Risk assessment as an important parameter in safety management and decision-making
European practice has shown that risk evaluation is extremely useful in managing safety and seems to constitute one of the main elements of a safety management system (SMS). In detail, policies, organisational structures and procedures are essential aspects of a SMS, providing measures against risk; hence risk evaluation is required for their implementation. Moreover, the assessment and evaluation of risk should be performed on a continuous basis, providing input data to the overall safety management. These data include the identification of the potential risk sources, prediction of the reaction of the safety systems and various components to them, estimation of the possible consequences, and evaluation of the relative importance of the possible accidents. The use of risk assessment as a decision making tool in the design of processes and hardware components, the selection of adequate safety measures, the siting of hazardous facilities, land use planning and emergency response planning issues, is discussed. Finally a brief review of the most common risk assessment methodologies is presented, with respect to their use as an input in safety management and risk-related decision taking.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: I sistemi di Gestione della Sicurezza, Milano (IT), June 23, 1995
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 39086 ORA
Record Number: 199511179 / Last updated on: 1995-10-10
Original language: en
Available languages: en