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Emergencies, and hence accidents, often happen in situations that are unexpected by the person in control of the system. In some situations, there is loss of situation awareness (a concept much used with respect to pilots) and the human makes mistakes based on misunderstanding the situation. The prospects for developing aids for recognising and retrieving this second kind of unexpected situation are discussed. This kind of aid, generically of the same logical type as a ground proximity warning system, would identify moments when the human's actions or words suggested that the human's understanding of the situation was mistaken, and would then offer corrective information. Central to the operation of such an aid is a sophisticated cognitive model of human understanding at the necessary level of detail. For design evaluation, a related cognitive simulation is required.

Additional information

Authors: GRANT S, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Fifth European Conference on Cognitive Science Approaches to Process Control, Espoo (FI), August 30 - September 1, 1995
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 39242 ORA
Record Number: 199511258 / Last updated on: 1995-10-13
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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