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The current pattern of global energy consumption is the product of the classic model of industrial and urban development according to which economic growth is accompanied by increased energy demand. The recent recession, coupled with the awareness of the public about the adverse effects of energy production on the environment, has led the world energy system to a state of transition. New technologies and production methods allow the shifting away from the classic development model, coupling aggressive development policy with reduction or curbing of the energy demand rate of increase. Such technologies in the industrial sector include, for instance, pinch technology for the optimisation of heat exchanger networks, and technologies for the exploitation of production by-products for the generation of energy and new products. In the private sector, thermal characterisation of buildings via thermography and computer-aided advanced model simulation may offer new tools for energy conservation. This work aims to review the relevant technological solutions and identify the main factors and steps required for technology transfer and implementation of a European and national energy conservation policy.

Additional information

Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: HELECO, Athens (GR), November 9-12, 1995
Availability: Available from (1) as paper EL 39365 ORA
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