Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


In order to improve the cost benefit of photovoltaic (PV) panels, there has been a significant amount of recent interest in PV-hybrid systems which make use of both electrical and thermal energy generated in the facade element. A hybrid system consists of a PV panel and a cavity (airspace) between the panel and the facade of the building fabric. One example of a hybrid system is to be found on the ELSA building at the JRC Ispra, Italy, and monitoring of the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics of the buoyancy driven convection in the air space has been carried out. In the paper the various flow and thermal conditions occurring at different heat inputs are presented plus an integrated model considering both the thermal and wind induced flow.

Additional information

Authors: MOSHFED B, KTH, Department of Built Environment, Gävle (SE);SANDBERG M, KTH, Department of Built Environment, Gävle (SE);BLOEM J J, JRC Ispra (IT);OSSENBRINK H, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: 13th Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Nice (FR), October 23-27, 1995
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 39426 ORA
Record Number: 199512076 / Last updated on: 1996-01-15
Original language: en
Available languages: en