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Puffing of impurities (neon, argon) and deuterium gas in the main chamber is used to feedback control the total radiated power fraction and the divertor neutral particle density simultaneously in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. The variation P(sep) = P(heat) - P(rad) (core) by impurity radiation during H mode shows a similar effect on the ELM behaviour as that obtained by a change of the heating power. For radiated power fractions above 90%, the ELM amplitude becomes very small and detachment from the divertor plates occurs, whilst no degradation of the global energy confinement is observed (completely detached high confinement mode). Additional deuterium gas puffing is found to increase the radiated power per impurity ion in the plasma core owing to the combined effect of a higher particle recycling rate and a lower core penetration probability. The outer divertor chamber, which is closed for deuterium neutrals, builds up a high neutral pressure, the magnitude of which is determined by the balance of particle sources and pumping. For this particular situation, the effective pumping time of neon and argon is considerably reduced, to less than 0.3 s, mainly owing to an improved divertor retention capability. The radiation characteristics of discharges with neon driven radiative mantle are modelled using a 1-dimensional radial impurity transport code that has been coupled to a simple divertor model describing particle recycling and pumping. The results of simulations are in good agreement with experiment.

Additional information

Authors: KALLENBACH A ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 35 (1995) No. 10, pp. 1231-1246
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