Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The aim of the specific programme on non-nuclear energy, JOULE II, is to contribute to the development of economically viable and environmentally safer energy options; and energy saving technologies. The four areas covered by the programme are: analysis of strategies and modelling, minimum emission power production from fossil fuels, renewable energy sources and energy utilization and conservation. The JOULE II Programme addresses the complex interactions between the processes of energy production and consumption, the economy and the environment. In order to do this a number of models have been developed to cover the major aspects of energy problems. This publications describes the PRIMES project. PRIMES is a price-clearing, partial equilibrium model that is designed to examine current and future trends in energy markets across the European Union and the implications of energy use on the environment. It considers both national energy systems and the overall European energy market over the period 1990-2030. The high level of technological detail makes PRIMES an ideal tool for the analysis of energy research and design strategy. PRIMES incorporates a substantial amount of environmental data which makes it suitable for the examination of environmental policy options (energy taxes, emission constraints and emission permit trading).

Additional information

Authors: CEC, CEC Bruxelles (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 16713 EN (1995) 110pp., FS, free of charge
Availability: Available from the European Commission, Mr Eric Donni, DG XII, 200 rue de la Loi, B-1049 Bruxelles (BE)
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