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The unique flexibility of tokamak à configuration variable (TCV) for the creation of a wide variety of plasma shapes has been exploited to address some aspects of tokamak physics for which the shape may play an important role. The electron energy confinement time in limited ohmic L-mode plasmas whose elongation and triangularity have been varied (kappa = 1.3 to 1.9, delta = 0.1 to 0.7) has been observed to improve with elongation as kappa {0.5} but to degrade with triangularity as (1 - 0.8 delta), for fixed safety factor. Ohmic H-modes have been obtained in several diverted and limited configurations, with some of the diverted discharges featuring large edge localized mode (ELM) values whose effects on the global confinement have been quantified. These effects depend on the configuration: in double null (DN) equilibria, a single ELM expels on average 2%, 6% and 2.5% of the particle, impurity and thermal energy content respectively, whilst in single null (SN) configurations, the corresponding numbers are 3.5%, 7% and 9%, indicative of larger ELM effects. The presence or absence of large ELMs in DN discharges has been actively controlled in a single discharge by alternately forcing one or other of the two X-point to lie on the separatrix, permitting stationary density and impurity content (Z(eff) approximately 1.6) in long H-modes (1.5 s).

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Authors: MORET J-M ET AL, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas (CH)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, Vol. 37 (1995) pp. A215-A226
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