Risk Assessment and Genetically Modified Organisms
Criticism of the existing EU regulatory system for Risk Assessment (RA) of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) has resulted in the acceptance that a review of the European regulatory framework is necessary. RA is a tool which is used in risk management, regulatory criteria and policy options. To be used effectively it has to produce a measurement which can be compared with other measurements. Determining the hazards to the environment which should be included in the risk assessment for the deliberate release of GMO plants is essentially an exercise in plausibility. The hazards which are usually considered are: undesirable side effects of the plant itself, increased tendency to persist or to invade natural habitats, genetic transfer to other plants, genetic transfer to micro-organisms and creation of new viruses. The approach taken by the EU differs from that of the US and Japan where the approach is to use voluntary guidelines at the research stage and where systems can change readily in the light of new scientific evidence. This report concludes with recommendations for more focuses Directives which concentrate solely on real and significant risks to human health and the environment, for the involvement of the scientific community in this focusing exercise and for an improvement in RA procedures.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 16377 EN (1996) 20pp., FS, free of charge
Availability: Available from the Public Relations and Publications Unit, JRC Ispra, I-21020 Ispra (IT)
Record Number: 199610534 / Last updated on: 1996-05-13
Original language: en
Available languages: en