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This workshop report outlines the current status of the Three Rs, and contains recommendations aimed at achieving greater acceptance of the concept of humane experimental technique and, in the interests of both scientific excellence and the highest standards of animal welfare, the more active implementation of reduction alternatives, refinement alternatives and replacement alternatives.

Additional information

Authors: BALLS M ET AL, JRC Ispra (IT);GOLDBERG A M ET AL, John Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore (US);BROADHEAD C L ET AL, FRAME, Nottingham (GB);BURCH R L, Town Hall, Sheringham (GB);FESTING M F W, University of Leicester, MRC Toxicology Unit (GB);FRAZIER J M, ManTech Environmental Technology Inc., Toxic Hazards Research Unit, Dayton (US);HENDRIKSEN C F M, RIVM, Bilthoven (NL);JENNINGS M, RSPCA, Research Animals Department, Horsham (GB);VAN DER KAMP M D O, NCA, Utrecht (NL);MORTON D B, University of Birmingham Medical School, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Ethics (GB);ROWAN A N, Tufts Center for Animals and Public Policy, School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton (US);RUSSELL C ET AL, University of Reading, Department of Sociology (GB);SPIELMANN H, ZEBET, Berlin (DE);STEPHENS M L, Humane Society of the United States, Washington (US);STOKES W S, NIEHS, NTP, NIH (US);VAN ZUTPHEN B F M, Utrecht University, Department of Laboratory Animal Science (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Vol. 23 (1995), pp. 838-866
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