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In the former Czechoslovakia there was practically no legislative regulation of experiments using laboratory animals. The new socioeconomical milieu and contact with Western countries after the Velvet Revolution led to changes in the attitude of this society also in this field. Because of the effort to follow the basic tendencies of European Commission (EC) countries in the field of regulation of animal experiments, the establishment of the TEMPUS Programme was appreciated. The TEMPUS Programme (the acronym for Trans-European Mobility Scheme for University Studies) was adopted by the Council of Ministers of the European Communities in 1990 to support the reform process in Central/Eastern Europe in the field of higher education. The centre piece of the TEMPUS Programme is the development of Joint European Projects (JEP) based on the participation of universities from eligible countries and partner organizations in EC Member States. This JEP which was accepted in 1991, is based on the cooperation between the University of Nottingham, the Free University of Berlin, FRAME (Nottingham), ZEBET (Berlin) and the Charles University, Medical School in Hradec Králové. The main goal of this JEP is to introduce the Three Rs concept (ie replacement, reduction, refinement) and practical approaches to alternatives to animal experiments into the whole education system in the universities of the Czech Republic, and so to promote the development of this aspect of the higher education system and to enhance its relevance to scientific, economic and social demands for alternatives.

Additional information

Authors: CERVINKOVÁ Z, Charles University Medical School, Department of Physiology, Králové (CZ);CERVINKÁ M, Charles University Medical School, Department of Biology, Králové (CZ);BALLS M, JRC Ispra (IT);SPIELMANN H, ZEBET Bundesgesundheitsamt, Berlin (DE);CERVINKOVA Z, Charles University Medical School, Department of Physiology, Kralove (CZ);CERVINKA M, Charles University Medical School, Department of Biology, Kralove (CZ)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: The World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences : Education, Research, Testing (1996), pp. 501-505
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