Application of procedures and disposal criteria developed for nuclear waste packages to cases involving chemical toxicityFunded under: FP2-RADWASTOM 4C
Radioactive waste may include chemically toxic elements, such as heavy metals, which may present a risk to man and the environment even after the decay of the radioactive content of the waste. The work described in this report demonstrates how limiting values for chemically toxic components may be derived to support decisions concerning appropriate disposal options for radioactive waste streams. Only solid low level and exemptible wastes are considered here. The safety assessment comparison (SACO) methodology, developed under the European Commission's management and storage of radioactive waste programme, was used to provide a thorough and quantitative assessment of risks. The disposal of eight representative waste streams in five representative facilities was considered leading to the derivation of maximum acceptable limits for toxic element concentrations. In comparing these derived threshold values to the concentrations of toxic elements in various real waste streams, it is concluded that many of the waste streams have contaminant concentrations well above the acceptable values for shallow disposal. However, it should be borne in mind that the disposal limits have been derived using generic data and are not directly applicable to specific sites.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 16745 EN (1996) 188pp., FS, ECU 20.00
Availability: Available from the (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-827-7742-1
Record Number: 199611093 / Last updated on: 1996-10-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en