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Reflectometry applied to the measurement of density profiles on fusion plasmas has been subject to many recent development. After a brief reminder of the principles of reflectometry, the theoretical accuracy of reflectometry measurements is discussed. The main difficulties limiting the performance, namely the plasma fluctuations and the quality of the transmission lines, are analysed. The different techniques used for reflectometry are then presented grouped into three different categories, depending on the frequency spectrum of the probing wave: single frequency; few discrete frequencies; broad spectrum. The present status and achievements of actual implementations of these techniques are demonstrated, with an analysis of their respective limitations and merits, as well as foreseen developments. Finally, a discussion of the various reflectometry techniques is made, in particular their ability to cope with plasma fluctuations and complex transmission lines, in view of the application to next step machines and very severe environments.

Additional information

Authors: LAVIRON C, CEA, CEN Cadarache, Saint Paul-lez-Durance (FR);DONNE A J H, FOM-Instituut voor Plasmafysica Rijnhuizen, Nieuwegein (NL);MANSO M E, Instituto Superior Técnico, Centro de Fusão Nuclear, Lisboa (PT);SANCHEZ J, Asociacion EURATOM-CIEMAT, Madrid (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Plasma Physics Control Fusion, Vol. 38 (1996) pp. 905-936
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