Land use planning in the context of major accident hazards - an analysis of procedures and criteria in selected EU Member States
In accidents such as those in Bhopal and Mexico City, it was clearly demonstrated that the consequences can be severely affected by the juxtaposition of dangerous sites with high population densities. Following these accidents the European Commission has considered it necessary for land-use planning to take major accident hazards into account. Some countries have already established well-structured procedures for taking major hazards into account in the land-use planning process. Others are very close to establishing procedures and criteria, and others again have not yet any specific legislation. An earlier report by the United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive on land-use planning in the European Union, showed that the approaches followed in France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom were of particular interest. The present study aims to give an update of the procedures followed and criteria adopted in these countries, and also to give the background on how and why a certain method and certain criteria were chosen. Sweden, which was not a member of the European Union at the time of the previous report, has been included in the present study, and so also has Italy where some risk studies have recently been performed.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 16452 EN (1996) 38pp., FS
Availability: Available from the Public Relations and Publications Unit, JRC Ispra, I-21020 Ispra (IT), Fax: +39-332-785818
Record Number: 199611370 / Last updated on: 1996-12-04
Original language: en
Available languages: en