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Efforts have been made to develop scenarios allowing more flexible plasma density control by injecting cryogenic solid hydrogen pellets. While the injection of pellets during ohmic discharges was found to be most efficient and also improves the plasma performance, an increase in the auxiliary heating power causes a deterioration of the pellet fuelling efficiency. A further strong reduction of the pellet fuelling efficiency by an additional process was observed for the more reactor relevant conditions of shallow particle deposition during H mode phases. With injection during type I edge localized mode (ELM)y H mode phases, each pellet was found to trigger the release of an ELM and therefore cause particle losses mainly from the edge region. In the type I ELMy H mode, only sufficient pellet penetration allowed noticeable, persistent particle deposition in the plasma by the pellets. Applying adequate pellet injection conditions and favourable scenarios using combined pellet/gas puff refuelling, significant density ramp-up to densities exceeding the empirical Greenwald limit by up to a factor of two was achieved even for strongly heated H mode plasmas.

Additional information

Authors: LANG P T ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 36 (1996) No. 11, pp. 1531-1545
Record Number: 199611546 / Last updated on: 1997-01-27
Original language: en
Available languages: en