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The model presented in this paper aims at describing the trends in the global energy demand from the global transport sector. The ultimate scope is the quantification of the greenhouse gas emissions due to this economic activity. One of its particular attributes consists of the separate analysis of freight transportation and passenger transportation, which is justified because of their very different qualitative dynamics. The purpose of chapter 2 is to introduce a short description of the world energy transport system. A basic description of the analytical model is provided in chapter 3. Chapters 4 and 5 deal with the relations between internal variables and inputs/outputs of the model which are based in assumptions derived from the published literature, as well as from elaboration of raw data. Chapter 6 is devoted to assessment and validation of the basic model. A market penetration analysis, referred to both electric and compressed natural gas vehicles, explores the potential of these technologies for improving the carbon intensity of the transport sector in chapter 7. Finally, chapter 8 summarizes the main conclusions of the study and outlines the most appealing lines of future research.

Additional information

Authors: CEPEDA M, JRC Sevilla (ES);SORIA A, JRC Sevilla (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 17256 EN (1996) 44pp., FS, free of charge
Availability: Available from the Public Relations and Publications Unit, JRC Ispra, I-21020 Ispra (IT), Fax: +39-332-785818
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