Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The Three Mile Island (TMI 2) accident in the United States in 1979 and the one at Chernobyl, Ukraine, in 1986 evidenced the need for an improved knowledge of the physical phenomena that determine severe reactor accidents. Several experimental programmes have since then contributed to a better understanding of the processes during severe accidents. They investigate, however, isolated phenomena. Moreover simulant fuel and fission products are often used.
The Phebus programme, developed from 1988, therefore reproduces a complete reactor system and uses real, irradiated, nuclear fuel. It has performed two successful experiments (1993 and 1996), four more tests are planned between 1998 and 2002. Phebus FP is supported by IPSN and EDF (France), the European Commission, and organisations from Canada, Japan, Korea, and the United States.

Additional information

Authors: SCHWARZ M, CEA, CEN Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);ARNAUD A, CEA, CEN Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);CLEMENT B, CEA, CEN Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);VON DER HARDT P, CEA, CEN Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Revue Générale Nucléaire (1997)
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