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The 3-dimensional, flat-terrain, finite-difference URBMET vorticity, mode mesoscale-beta model has been modified to include topographic effects. The resulting topographic vorticity-mode mesoscale-beta (TVM) model is hydrostatic, Boussinesq, and incompressible. The prognostic turbulent kinetic energy equation has been improved, and use of an implicit vertical diffusion scheme has increased the minimum allowable time step of integration. This paper presents the details of the TVM formulation, boundary conditions, and numerics.

Additional information

Authors: SCHAYES G, Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut d'Astronomie et de Geophysique (BE);THUNIS P, JRC Ispra (IT);BORNSTEIN R, San Jose State University, Department of Meteorology (US)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 35 (1996) No. 10, pp. 1815-1823
Record Number: 199710221 / Last updated on: 1997-04-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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