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Optical and electron optical methods are used in research for characterizing all types of nuclear materials, although the problems treated vary widely. Before irradiation, material properties have to be correlated with their microstructure as the necessary basis from which after in-pile service property changes due to the histories of irradiation, stress, temperature, and corrosion can be analysed, and improved materials can be developed. The high standards for reliability and safety in the nuclear industry require a detailed characterization of all materials before they are used in nuclear reactors. The methods are different in the analysis of radioactive particles on filters or in biological tissue.

Additional information

Authors: BLANK H ET AL, JRC Karlsruhe (DE);EHRLICH K ET AL, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (DE);MAUßNER H, KWU-Siemens, Erlangen (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Handbook of Microscopy (1996)
Record Number: 199710228 / Last updated on: 1997-04-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en