Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The development of automation, since its appearance during the 1930s with the first autopilots on the flight deck, has caused very important debates, studies and especially, changes in flying practices. Designers, certifying bodies, operators, researchers and pilots have worked over many years for the progress and improvement of optimal relationships between humans and automatic controllers. Progressively, computer software has taken the lead on traditional automation devices. Today, pilots have to deal with software agents that handle tasks and roles traditionally devoted to humans. Pilots have become managers of these new species of artificial agents.

Additional information

Authors: BOY G A, European Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Engineering;CACCIABUE P C, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: European Workshop to Develop Human Factors Guidelines for Flight Deck Certification, London (GB), March 25-26, 1997
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 40684 ORA
Record Number: 199710898 / Last updated on: 1997-07-23
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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