Current practice of dealing with natural radioactivity from oil and gas production in EU Member States
The production process of oil and gas mobilizes naturally occurring radionuclides from deep underground reservoir rock, which are either deposited as naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) in production, treatment and transport facilities or appear in produced effluents. The present report reflects information pertaining to the current status of management of NORM in Norway, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, and on less extensive information obtained from Germany. Solid waste containing NORM is generated at the production installations as sludges and as scale debris from on-site decontamination of vessels and components. Additional NORM containing waste is produced at onshore decontamination facilities for components. In the forthcoming decommissioning of large numbers of oil and gas production and transport installations the presence of NORM in a significant mass of steel to be recycled or re-used will have to be taken into account.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 17621 EN (1997) 99pp., FS, ECU 16.50
Availability: Available from the (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-0599-9
Record Number: 199710954 / Last updated on: 1997-08-05
Original language: en
Available languages: en