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Abstract

This paper reviews the major outcomes of the measuring campaigns performed at the Castelporziano nature preserve near Rome, Italy, by 14 European laboratories as part of the Biogenic Emissions in the Mediterranean Area (BEMA) project. Six campaigns of 1-4 weeks duration were carried out in different seasons of the years 1993-1994 at semi-continuously running test plots in the nature reserve, representing common Mediterranean vegetation types. The aim was to characterize, at the different test plots, the atmospheric chemical and meteorological situations, the plant biomass and physiology, the type, amount and controls of emissions from different plants by means of branch enclosures, and the biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emission fluxes from different ecosystems, by scaling up enclosure data from individual sources, and by measuring fluxes directly by use of micrometeorological methods. An important focus during the initial phase of the five year BEMA-project was the harmonization and improvement of the analytical, physiological and micrometeorological methods used, and the development and testing of new methods for measuring BVOC fluxes.

Additional information

Authors: SEUFERT G ET AL, JRC Ispra (IT);BARTZIS J, National Centre of Scientific Research, Athens (GR);BOMBOI T, Centro Nacional de Sanidad Ambiental, Majadahonda (ES);CICCIOLI P, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerce, Istituto Inquinamento Atmosferico, Roma (IT);DLUGI R, Universität München, Meteorologisches Institut (DE);FOSTER P, Université J. Fourier, Group Rech. sur l'Environnement et Chimie Appliquée, Grenoble (FR);HEWITT C N, University of Lancaster, Institute of Environmental and Biological Sciences (GB);KESSELMEIER J, Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Abt. Biogeochemie, Mainz (DE);LENZ R, Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit, Oberschleissheim (DE);MANES F, Università La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Roma (IT);PEREZ PASTOR R, Centro Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Madrid (ES);STEINBRECHER R, Fraunhofer Institut für Atmosph. Umweltforschung, Garmisch-Partenkirchen (DE);TORRES L, Institut Nat. Polytechn., Laboratoire Chimie-Energie et Environnement, Toulouse (FR);VALENTINI R, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Atmospheric Environment (1997)
Record Number: 199711038 / Last updated on: 1997-09-16
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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