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Edge plasma scenarios in island divertor configurations (natural magnetic islands intersected by targets) are studied by comparing data from moderate to high density neutral beam injection (NBI) discharges with 3D code (EMC3/EIRENE) results. The data strongly indicate that high recycling with significant particle flux enhancement was achieved in this geometry. But, plasma pressure losses towards the targets are relatively strong, and high recycling sets in only at n(e) greater than 1E20 m{-3}. The respective density enhancement in front of the targets is moderate (up to a factor of about three relative to the upstream density). These scenarios are also in basic agreement with B2/EIRENE code predictions. At n(e) greater than 1.5E20 m{-3} detachment seems to develop. Improvements are expected from additional coils controlling the field line pitch inside the islands, and from optimized targets which will better focus recycling neutrals into the islands. Both are in preparation.

Additional information

Authors: GRIGULL P ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE);HILDEBRANDT D ET AL, IPP Garching, Berlin (DE);ZHANG X D, Institute of Plasma Physics, Academia Sinica, Hefei (CN)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 241-243 (1997) pp. 935-940
Record Number: 199711467 / Last updated on: 1997-11-18
Original language: en
Available languages: en