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Basic topological features of the island divertor concept for low shear stellarators are discussed with emphasis on the differences to tokamak divertors. Extensive measurements of the edge structures by two-dimensional plasma spectroscopy and by target calorimetry are in excellent agreement with predicted vacuum and equilibrium configurations, which are available up to central beta values of approximately 1%. For this beta value the calculated field-line pitch inside the islands is twice that of the corresponding vacuum case. Video observations of the strike points indicate stability of the island structures for central beta values up to approximately 3.7%. The interpretation of the complex island divertor physics of W7-AS has become possible by the development of the three-dimensional plasma transport code EMC3 (Edge Monte Carlo 3D), which has been coupled self-consistently to the EIRENE neutral gas code. Analysis of high density neutral beam injection (NBI) discharges gives strong indications of stable high recycling conditions. The observations are reproduced by the EMC3/EIRENE code and supported by calculations with the B2/EIRENE code adapted to W7-AS. Improvement of recycling, pumping and target load distribution is expected from the new optimized target plates and baffles to be installed in W7-AS.

Additional information

Authors: SARDEI F ET AL, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE);HILDEBRANDT D, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Berlin (DE);REITER D, Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH (DE);RUNOV A, RRC Kurchatov Institute, Moscow (SU)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 214-243 (1997) pp. 135-148
Record Number: 199711471 / Last updated on: 1997-11-18
Original language: en
Available languages: en