Residual stress measurements by neutron diffraction at JRC
Reliable estimates of residual stresses by nondestructive testing techniques have recently become an essential requirement for the efficient design of composite materials and structures. The neutron scattering technique has been recognized as a powerful tool in the characterization of advanced materials due to its potential to reveal stress distributions deep within the material specimen, which is not very feasible by X-ray measurements, and more importantly at material interfaces, where the latter technique is simply not applicable. Two operating facilities are available for the purpose of residual stress measurements by neutron diffraction at the high flux reactor (HFR) in Petten. One (HB4) is equipped with a pyrolytic graphite (PG) double monochromator. The extent of the improved capabilities of the new setup of the HB4 instrument is shown by a series of strain measurements performed throughout a thick nuclear piping austenitic steel weld. These advances now make it possible to map the tensorial stress state within the interior of this weld and the piping heat affected zone despite the problems of microstructural inhomogeneity and anisotropy due to large grain size and texture exhibited in and around the weld.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures (1997)
Record Number: 199711537 / Last updated on: 1997-12-09
Original language: en
Available languages: en