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  • Innovation strategies of Europe's largest industrial firms: Results of the PACE survey for information sources, public research, protection of innovation and government programmes


The opinions of research and developments managers from the European Union's 500 largest manufacturing and industrial firms were obtained using the policies, appropriability and competitiveness for European enterprises (PACE) mailed questionnaire survey. The survey asked about the goals of innovation, external sources of knowledge, public research, methods to protect innovations with a focus on patents, government programmes to support innovation, and barriers to profiting from innovation. The response rate was 55.6%. The results are based on a subset of 640 PACE respondents and 200 French respondents to a similar questionnaire. This report contains a brief chapter on the methodology and main results, seven chapters based on the main sections of the questionnaire, and a conclusion. Appendix A includes a complete copy of the questionnaire. Appendix B contains additional material on the methodology, including detailed information on the survey design, an analysis of the response rates, and two sections on the influence of the questionnaire design on response rates. Appendix C provides background statistical information for the analyses. The chapters address the following topics:

- Factors influencing the types of innovation with an emphasis on product versus process innovation;
- External sources of technical knowledge;
- Proximity issues and the concept of a National System of Innovation;
- The importance of publicly funded research to innovation;
- The methods used to protect innovations from copying;
- The importance of government policies to support innovation and policies that could act as a barrier to earning profits from innovation;
- Different classification systems, including an evaluation of Pavitt's well-known typology. pology.

Additional information

Authors: ARUNDEL A, MERIT, Rijksuniversiteit, Limburg (NL);VAN DE PAAL, MERIT, Rijksuniversiteit, Limburg (NL);SOETE L, MERIT, Rijksuniversiteit, Limburg (NL)
Bibliographic Reference: Report: EN (1995) 180pp.
Availability: Available from the European Commission, DG XIII-D-4, L-2920 Luxembourg (LU)
Record Number: 199730063 / Last updated on: 1997-11-10
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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