Closing the fuel cycle with ADS
At the present level of global nuclear power production, about 1E4 tons of spent fuel are being produced each year containing approximately 100 tons of actinides (mostly plutonium) and 13 tons of long lived fission products (LLFP). Since fissioning 1 ton Pu will result in an energy release of approximately 1 GW(e)y (ie the energy produced by one large reactor in one year), a large number of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) will be required to close the fuel cycle by burning all the plutonium, the minor actinides, and the LLFPs. The scale of this problem can be significantly reduced, however, by recycling the Pu or indeed all of the actinides back into mixed oxide (MOX) fuelled pressurized water reactors (PWR). The various scenarios which have been proposed by the Japanese, the French, the Russians, by CERN, and by Los Alamos to address this problem are described briefly.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: International Workshop on the Physics of Accelerator-driven Systems for Nuclear Transmutation and Clean Energy Production, Trento (IT), 29 September-3 October 1997
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 41191 ORA
Record Number: 199810339 / Last updated on: 1998-03-09
Original language: en
Available languages: en