State of the art of alternative fuels: hydrogen and biofuels
The current energy picture in Europe demonstrates that there is a wide distribution of energy sources and energy intensity in the economies of the EU member states resulting into varying carbon dioxide emissions. Carbon-neutral bioenergy systems can provide valuable support to EU commitment at the Kyoto conference to curb greenhouse gases by 8% by 2012. The current and future resource potential for bioenergy in Europe is calculated and the available technological routes for the conversion of biomass to energy or energy carriers are outlined. The biofuel cycle economics are highlighted for various conversion pathways and the potential for carbon dioxide savings from the extended use of bioenergy is evaluated for different scenarios of bioenergy penetration to the market. The environmental and social externalities of bioenergy are comparatively assessed against competing energy sources. Finally, the current programs of the European Commission in support of bioenergy R&D are briefly discussed.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Energy Technologies and Strategies of Research and Development for the year 2000, Pisa (IT), March 6-7, 1998
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 41255 ORA
Record Number: 199810467 / Last updated on: 1998-05-05
Original language: en
Available languages: en