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This study is aimed at evaluating the social effects of new technologies, such as strip casting (SC) and thin slab casting (TSC). The research analysed the effects of the near net shape casting (NNSC) technologies on changes in the work actions and the way the work activity is carried out, on learning methods and the knowledge needed for the operation of the new process and on constraints for the operators. Two electric arc furnace production routes of hot-steel strips have been analysed. The evaluations regarding the SC technology have been examined only on the basis of projections related to plants still in an experimental phase. It is predicted that the introduction of the TSC technology, in a first phase, will halve the number of employees and, in a second phase, will reduce it to less than one third. The new technology also requires technicians with at least high school education, and the automation will eliminate simple work activities. The results of the investigation strongly suggest the usefulness of the continuous training provided under the responsibility of the plant. All work activities with physical constraints and the potential risks of injuries are consistently diminished.

Additional information

Authors: CORTILI G, Consorzio Milano Riceche (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 18263 EN (1998) 70pp., ECU 11.50
Availability: Available from the (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-3298-8
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