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Abstract

The use of global area coverage (GAC) data, from the advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) sensor onboard the national oceanic and atmospheric administration (NOAA) satellites, allows a good description at continental level of the spatial distribution of intense active fire patterns and a unique temporal perspective over multiannual periods of time. In this study, five years of active fire maps, from November 1984 to October 1989, derived from GAC data for the African continent were considered. In order to enhance the relationships between spatially distributed phenomena, such as regional patterns of active fires, and point data, such as experimental sites of atmospheric chemistry measurements, the rose diagram technique as derived from directional statistics was exploited. This methodological approach allowed the spatial characteristics of vegetation fires, which is considered the main source of atmospheric pollutants in Africa, to be described using measures of frequency and distance for each reference point. Comparison between rose diagrams of fires and nitrate content in precipitation as measured at Enyele (Congo), at the heart of the equatorial forest during both dry and wet seasons, confirmed the usefulness of satellite observations and the spatial analysis technique proposed.

Additional information

Authors: BRIVIO P A, IRRS, CNR, Remote Sensing Department, Milan (IT);GRÉGOIRE J M, JRC Ispra (IT);CROS B, Université Paul Sabatier, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Aérologie, Toulouse (FR);GALY-LACAUX C, Université Paul Sabatier, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Aérologie, Toulouse (FR);LACAUX J P, Université Paul Sabatier, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Aérologie, Toulouse (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Atmospheric Research (1998)
Record Number: 199810910 / Last updated on: 1998-08-07
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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