Electron beam instabilities in gyrotron beam tunnels
Three types of electron bean instabilities are considered to explain the important discrepancy found between the theoretical and experimental efficiency in the case of quasi-optical gyrotrons (QOC): the electron cyclotron maser instability (ECMI), the electrostatic Bernstein instability (BI) and the Langmuir instability (LI). When the magnetic field gradient in drift tubes of QOG is low, the ECMI can develop in the drift tube at very low electron beam currents. Experimental measurements show that with a proper choice of absorbing structures in the beam tunnel, this instability can be suppressed. At high beam currents, the BI can induce a significant energy spread at the entrance of the interaction region.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 5 (1998) No. 6, pp. 2421-2430
Record Number: 199811022 / Last updated on: 1998-09-15
Original language: en
Available languages: en