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  • Magnetohydrodynamic behaviour during core transport barrier experiments with ion Bernstein wave heating in PBX-M: I ELMs, fluctuations and crash events


If the ion Bernstein wave (IBW) heating power in an H mode discharge of the PBX-M experiment exceeds a threshold power of about 200 kW, a core transport barrier is created in the central region of the plasma. At lower neutral beam injection (NBI) powers, the core barrier is accompanied by an edge L mode. The high edge localized mode (ELM) repetition frequency (1 kHz) prevents the creation of a strong barrier, so the edge first has to make an H-to-L transition before a strong core transport barrier can be created. At higher NBI powers, the ELM repetition frequency is lowered to less than 200 Hz, which allows the immediate creation of a strong core barrier. Edge localized mode loss, which propagates radially first on a fast (non-diffusive) and then on a slow (diffusive) time-scale all the way to the plasma core, is strongly reduced in the core barrier region. Correlated with the reduced ELM loss, the fluctuations in the core barrier region are also strongly reduced, both during the ELM and during the quiet periods between the ELMs. The presence of the core barrier region strongly modifies the other magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) events: crashes on the q=1.5, 2 surfaces and the disruption.

Additional information

Authors: SESNIC S, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE);KAITA R ET AL, Princeton University, Plasma Physics Laboratory (US);BATHA S H ET AL, Fusion Physics and Technology, Torrance (US);DE LA LUNA E ET AL, Asociación EURATOM-Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas para Fusión, Madrid (ES);DUNLAP J L ET AL, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Fusion Energy Division (US);JONES S ET AL, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge (US);SEKI F, National Institute for Fusion Science, Nagoya (JP)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 38 (1998) No. 6, pp. 835-859
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