Desalination Research Priorities
In the southern and eastern Mediterranean Basin there is already an overexploitation of conventional water resources, and demand is likely to increase in future. Desalination plants may help to improve water quality and reduce water shortages in such regions. The two main technologies used in commercial desalination are thermal processes, involving distillation, and membrane processes that make use of semi-permeable membranes. Hybrid desalination processes are based on combining a distillation process with seawater reverse osmosis. Energy costs make up 50% of total desalination costs, so the use of renewable energy may be appropriate. As demand for desalination plants in Europe is likely to increase with growing pressure on resources, co-operation between European organisations and the Middle East Desalination Research Centre (MEDRC) should be encouraged.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 18087 EN (1998) 14pp.
Availability: Available from CCR Ispra - Servizio Pubblicazioni
Record Number: 199910075 / Last updated on: 1999-02-19
Original language: en
Available languages: en