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Abstract

The design of the plasma facing components (PFC) in ITER has evolved with the detailed design of the reactor. The structures exposed to the plasma have different requirements according to their functions. The primary wall, surrounding most of the plasma along the last closed magnetic surface, is exposed to a moderate heat flux (0.5 MW m(-2)) but has to withstand the highest neutron load. The baffle wall is exposed to a moderate heat flux of 3 MW m(-2) and to severe erosion from neutral particles due to their high neutrals pressure in the divertor. The limiter is subjected to the same loads as the primary wall during plasma burn conditions and a higher peak heat flux (depending on its location) during the start up and shut down phases when the plasma is leaning on its surface. The divertor vertical targets intercept the open magnetic flux surfaces near the separatrix and have to withstand the highest heat flux and erosion in their lower part. The divertor dome is located directly below the null point and works in conditions similar to the baffle. The divertor wings receive similar thermal loads as the dome but can be subjected to high heat shocks and electromagnetic forces during plasma disruption. The paper describes the solutions adopted for the PFC and the results of analyses performed to validate the design. The description is focused on the part of the PFC which is exposed to the plasma.

Additional information

Authors: ITER GARCHING (DE), ;THE NET TEAM GARCHING (DE), ;ENTEK, ;MOSCOW (RU), ;CEA SACLAY (FR),
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Fusion Enginnering and Design, 39-40 (1998) 377-384
Record Number: 199910421 / Last updated on: 1999-03-19
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en