Modular Coils and Finite-Beta Operation of a Quasi-Axially Symmetric Tokamak
Quasi-axially symmetric tokamaks (QA tokamaks) are an extension of the conventional tokamak concept. In these devices the magnetic field strength is independent of the generalized toroidal magnetic co-ordinate even though the cross-sectional shape changes. An optimized plasma equilibrium belonging to the class of QA tokamaks has been proposed by Nuhrenberg. It features the small aspect ratio of a tokamak while allowing part of the rotational transform to be generated by the external field. In this article, two particular aspects of the viability QA tokamaks are explored, namely the feasibility of modular coils and the possibility of maintaining quasi-axial symmetry in the free-boundary equilibrium obtained with the coils found. A set of easily feasible modular coils for the configuration is presented. It was designed using the extended version of the NESCOIL code (MERKEL, P, Nucl. Fusion 27 (1987) 867). Using this coil system, free-boundary calculations of the plasma equilibruim were carried out using the NEMEC code (HIRSHMAN, S.P. VAN RIJ, W.I. MERKEL, P, Comput. Phys. Commun. 43 (1986) 143). It is observed that the effects of finite B and net toroidal plasma current can be compensated for with good precision by applying a vertical magnetic field and by separately adjusting the currents of the modular coils. A set of fully three dimensional (3-D) auxiliary coils is proposed to exert control on the rotational transform in the plasma. Deterioration of the quasi-axial symmetry induced by the auxiliary coils can be avoided by adequate adjustment of the currents in the primary coils. Finally, the neoclassical transport properties of the configuration are examined. It is observed that optimization with respect to confinement of the alpha particles can be maintained at operation with finite toroidal current id the aforementioned corrective measures are used. In this case, the neoclassical behaviour is shown to be very similar to that of a conventional tokamak.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Nuclear Fusion, 38(1998)9, 1409-1420
Record Number: 199910606 / Last updated on: 1999-04-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en