Role of divertor geometry on detachment in ASDEX Upgrade
The change of the divertor plasma behaviour from Div-I to Div-II for ASDEX Upgrade as measured by a set of reconstructed or newly designed divertor diagnostics is presented. The Div-II configuration is characterized - due to the highly inclined target plates - by reflection of neutrals towards the separatrix. Therefore, detachment in Div-II starts rather early localised close to the separatrix. In contrast, the complete global divertor detachment is practically unchanged, because the outer parts of the SOL stay attached even for high densities. The power distribution on the divertor in Div-II is much broader than in Div-I, resulting in a large reduction of peak power loads both in L and H-mode due to larger divertor radiation losses. The larger losses are caused by larger hydrogen losses, enhancement of carbon radiation due to radial transport and convective energy transport into the radiation zone and karger radial energy transport in the divertor. The new Div-II geometry shows larger neutral gas densities in the divertor for the same line averaged density and a much faster helium exhaust rate in H-mode. The neon compression is worse compared with helium. No strong effect on impurity compression and overall divertor performance was seen by puff and pump experiments, neither in Div-I nor in Div-II.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, 266-269, (1999), 175-181
Record Number: 199910760 / Last updated on: 1999-05-21
Original language: en
Available languages: en