EUROHAB Science Initiative: Harmful algal blooms in European marine and brackish watersFunded under: FP5-EESD
Microalgae in marine and brackish waters of Europe regularly cause harmful effects considered from a human perspective, in that they threaten public health and cause economic damage to fisheries and tourism. These episodes encompass a broad range of phenomena collectively referred to as harmful algal blooms (HAB). They include discoloration of waters by mass occurrences of microalgae, toxin-producing species, and several organisms, which are protests but normally referred to as algae. A broad classification of HAB distinguishes three groups of organisms: 1) the toxin producers, which even with low biomass can contaminated seafood, causing sickness and death in humans eating the seafood , or sickness an death in the shellfish and fin-fish themselves; 2) the high-biomass toxin producers, which can have similar harmful effects; and 3) the high biomass bloom species, which can cause either anoxia that indiscriminately kills off marine life, or unpleasant foam or gelatinous masses that are a nuisance for tourists who may develop allergic skin reactions after bathing.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 18592 EN, (1999) 94pp.
Availability: Available free of charge from Documentation Service DG XII
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-6612-2
Record Number: 199910990 / Last updated on: 1999-07-23
Original language: en
Available languages: en