Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The EU is obliged to take into account health and the environment concerns in all sectoral policies but there are many uncertainties in the basic science necessary to meet this commitment. This uncertainty must be accepted and managed. Indeed, providing knowledge on an uncertain basis is what makes policy-related science special and what distinguishes it from both pure science and applied science. Conflicts caused by the uncertainty can be minimized by involving stakeholders in all stages of the scientific process rather than presenting a complete finalized solution to them. Technology can facilitate this involve meant, the internet is allowing an-increasingly well-informed public to participate in governance in a way that was inconceivable until recently. The European Commission is currently examining how it can best provide an institutional and technological framework for providing an effective scientific basis for policy.

Additional information

Authors: FUNTOWICZ S O, European Commission, JRC-Ispra, Ispra (IT);SHEPHERD I M, European Commission, JRC-Ispra, Ispra (IT);WILKINSON D R, European Commission, JRC-Ispra, Ispra (IT);RAVETZ J, Research Methods Consultancy, London (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Foresight and Precaution - ESRL 2000 and SRA - European Annual Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland (GB); 14-17th May (1999)
Availability: Available from Public Relations and Publications Unit, Ispra (IT)
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