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Abstract

Studies have been undertaken in order to assess how the potential risk from long-lived radionuclides could be minimized. To achieve this goal, these radionuclides can be separated by chemical processes and transmuted by neutron irradiation in fission reactors. All the treatments of this kind are referred to as 'partitioning an transmutation'. The objective of this study is to provide indications of what can be expected of P & T policy. The scenario studies revealed a generic characteristic of nuclear waste systems, ie. Their very long time constant. The use of plutonium to produce electricity in light water reactors is already an industrial reality. However, this alone would not allow production and consumption of plutonium to be balanced. Transmuting neptunium and americium together would require a mixed population of PWRs and CAPRA FNRs.

Additional information

Authors: BOUSSIER H, ;DELPECH M, ;GROUILLER J P, ;RENARD A, ;VOLCKAERT G (EDITORS),
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 19128 EN (2000), 240pp.
Availability: Available from EUR-OP sales agents
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-3018-7
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