'Variable' Von Karmans Constant as a Parameter of Sediment Stratification
We propose to parameterize the influence of sediment stratification of flow dynamics in terms of a 'variable' von Karmans Constant. The latter is derived from a numerical solution of the model equations describing the vertical structure of the sediment-stratified bottom logarithmic layer followed by the approximation of the vertical mean velocity profiles with a logarithmica law. The model in use is the standard modified b-1 model applied to a sediment-bearing turbulent flow, in the following respects: 1) the mixing length is specified as a function of the Kolmogorov number and 2) the height of the bed-load layer and sediment concentration at the upper boundary of this layer are considered to be dependent on the excess shear bottom stress.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Oceanology, Russian Academy of Science 39 (1999) 6, 818-825
Record Number: 200011943 / Last updated on: 2000-05-12
Original language: ru
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