ExternE: Externalities of Energy Vol. 9 Fuel Cycles for Emerging and End-Use Technologies, Transport & Waste
Researchers have been studying and comparing the environmental and human costs of different aspects of energy use as part of the large EC-funded ExternE research organization,. The focus of this particular project was on transport, methods of waste disposal and several new energy-producing technologies such as the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle, fluidised bed combustion, fuel cells for stationary appliances and geothermal power plants. The project groups cover many EU countries that have collaborated to gather and pool the data. The investigation into the disposal of municipal solid wastes evaluated the impact of incineration and biogas collection as opposed to landfill. A difficulty experienced here was deciding how to assess the dual values of waste disposal and energy production, which may have influenced the accuracy of the conclusions. It was tentatively established that incineration can have a higher overall cost than landfill or biogas collection. Another problem experienced was in assessing the comparative value of the heat and the power generated by some power stations, as both are used in homes. The data gathered will help councils make decisions for municipal waste disposal, allow people to be informed about new energy-producing methods with their related impact on the environment, and to help assess the real cost of transport.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 18887 EN (1999) 547 pp.
Availability: Available from the European Commission
ISBN: ISBN 92-828-7084-7
Record Number: 200012177 / Last updated on: 2000-09-20
Original language: en
Available languages: en