Investigation of lower hybrid wave damping in the PBX-M tokamak
Lower hybrid (LH) current drive experiments on the Princeton Beta Experiment-Modified (PBX-M) [Phys. Fluids B 2, 1271 (1990)] have shown that the current profile can be changed by varying the phase velocity of the waves. The radial profile of the current carrying electrons was deduced from two-dimensional hard x-ray tomography. For a certain range of phase velocities, there is a correlation between the peak of the fast electron profile and the launched wave spectrum, despite the presence of a wide spectral gap between the phase velocity and the thermal electron energy distribution. A new model is proposed to explain how first-pass wave damping is possible in such plasmas. The rf power can form a tail of energetic electrons, and subsequently waves with moderate phase velocity can damp on them. For waves with very fast phase velocity, there must be an upshift of the n(II) spectrum for any damping to occur. These hypotheses are supported by ray tracing results which are coupled to relativistic Fokker-Planck calculations of the electron distribution function.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Physics of Plasmas Vol. 4 (1997) No. 1, pp. 125-133
Availability: Physics of Plasmas (Journal)
Record Number: 200012199 / Last updated on: 2000-07-12
Original language: en
Available languages: en