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Abstract

High performance discharges are routinely obtained on JET with low or reversed magnetic shear ( s=(r/q)dq/dr), and the potential for steady state operation of such discharges is under investigation. With the use of the proper heating and fuelling, these 'optimized shear' (OS) discharges exhibit an internal transport barrier (ITB), resulting in a strong peaking of the pressure profile, and thus in high fusion performance. These regimes have been extensively studied during the last (DD and DT) JET campaigns in order to promote this type of scenario as the basis for 'advanced tokamak' operation. A review is given of the highest performance achieved on JET OS discharges during the last experimental campaigns, in both DD (up to 5.6 x 10e16) neutrons/s) and DT operation (fusion power up to 8.2 MW, nioTioTe up to 10e21 m-3 keVs). The role of the plasma edge is pointed out, as the power required to trigger an ITB is often higher than the H mode power threshold, leading to double barrier regimes. The presence of an H mode pedestal both modifies the ITB and induces edge bootstrap and ETM activity, which should be controlled to prolong such discharges. The operational procedure of optimization is the discussed, addressing the problems of ITB formation (power threshold, timing of the main hearing phase, i.e. optimization of the target q profile, influence of the heating scheme, electron versus ion ITBs), ITB evolution (expansion of the ITB footprint, H mode formation) and ITB termination (disruptive and/or 'soft' MHD limits). Finally, the crucial problem of the route to steady state for such OS discharges is addressed, both in terms of ITB sustainment and control within the stability domain and in terms of edge pedestal control by means of impurity injection. The impurity behaviour is found, and examples of high performance discharges sustained for several energy confinement times are given (Bn = 1.95, H89 = 2.3, Peq fusion ~ 10 MW, Qeddt ~ 0.4 sustained for ~ 3 s). Extrapolat

Additional information

Authors: BECOULET A et al, Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion, CEA Cadarache, St Paul Lez Durance (FR)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Nuclear Fusion, Vol. 40, (2000) No. 40, pp. 1113-1123
Availability: Nuclear Fusion (Journal)
Record Number: 200012297 / Last updated on: 2000-09-20
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en