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Quantities that characterize the three-dimensional geometrical properties of detection systems for two-dimensional tomography are reviewed and compared. It is discussed how the quantities can be calculated and how they can be measured, including a measuring technique that uses a parallel laser beam. In many detection systems the finite detector size and the finite sizes of the bounding apertures are not negligible, and these result in instrument functions with finite widths. Line-integral measurements are referred to as ideal measurements, whereas measurements by systems with instrument functions with finite width are non-ideal. The quantities discussed make it possible to take into account these finite sizes in several tomography algorithms. If the spacing between adjacent lines of sight is much smaller than the widths of the instrument functions, the ideal measurements can be approximately reconstructed from the non-ideal measurements. Such a reconstruction has been applied to bolometer measurements in a high plasmadensity discharge in the JET (Joint European Torus) tokamak by sweeping the plasma in front of the bolometer detectors. The sweeping creates many extra virtual lines of sight and thus increases the resolution of the measurements close to the X point, where in high-density plasmas a peak in the radiation is found.

Additional information

Authors: INGESSON L C, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (GB);MAGGI C F, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (GB);REICHLE R, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: Report: JET-P(99)45 EN (2000) 19 pp.
Availability: Available from JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (GB)
Record Number: 200012765 / Last updated on: 2000-09-20
Original language: en
Available languages: en