Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The use of energy causes damage to a wide range of receptors, including human health, natural ecosystems, and the built environment. Such damages are referred to as external costs, as they are not reflected in the market price of energy. These externalities have been traditionally ignored.

However, there is a growing interest towards the internalisation of externalities to assist policy and decision-making. Several European and international organisation have expressed their interest in this issue, as may be seen in the 5th Environmental Action Programme, in the White Paper on Energy, all from the European Commission.

Within the European Commission R&D Programme Joule II, the ExternE Project developed and demonstrated a unified methodology for the quantification of the externalities of different power generation technologies.

Under Joule III, this project has been continued with three distinct tasks: ExternE Core for the further development and updating of the methodology, ExternE National Implementation to create and EU-wide data set and ExternE-Transport for the application of the ExternE methodology to energy related impacts from transport. The current report is the result of the ExternE National Implementation project.

This study aims to disseminate and implement the ExternE Accounting framework of the EC for the assessment of the external costs of energy fuel cycles for power generation in the EU and Norway. To this purpose a network of scientific institutes in all these countries has been established.

Additional information

Authors: DG-XII Science, CIEMAT (ES);Research and Development, CIEMAT (ES)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR:18528; (1999), 612pp, Euro: free of charge
Availability: Available from the European Commission, DG XII Communication Unit, rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200, B-1049 Bruxelles (BE) Tel: +32-2-2950001 Fax:+32-2-2958220 email:
ISBN: ISBN: 92-828-3723-8
Follow us on: RSS Facebook Twitter YouTube Managed by the EU Publications Office Top